A home office is structurally a pretty simple room, but it can affect the outcome of your entire business. If you do not feel comfortable and focused in your workspace, then you will have a much harder time getting your work done in there. There are some important components of a home office that, if you take heed of them and make space for everything, can make your home into a professional and effective business space.
First, you must consider how much space you have to work with. If you have a guest bedroom, decide if you actually have guests enough to make that room worthwhile. You could just replace it with your new home office, which you will presumably use daily. Maybe you only have a corner of the living room to work with. This is doable as well. To effectively design your office, you do need to know how much space you have to fill (or empty).
Decide what furniture you need to maximize the effectiveness of a room, as it is a key component of the home office. Everyone needs a comfortable office chair, but there are so many other options to address, too. For instance, if you practice psychiatry from home, you need a comfortable couch or chaise for clients to sit on. They may not be ease enough to tell you their thought if all you have is a stiff antique chair. If you are the only one seeing the furniture, maybe you will not feel the need to stylize your home workspace much, whereas home workers with visiting clients need to create a professional and attractive atmosphere with their furniture.
Lighting creates both ambiance and necessary work tools in a professional environment. You want something that is not too bright, but not so atmospheric and dim that you cannot see what you are working on. Consider the positions of the lighting. If there is an annoying lamp right at eye level, shedding a painful glare on everything, move it somewhere else. Use lighting that helps you work and nothing that distracts or bothers you.
Organization is one of the most important components of a home office. If you are on the phone with a client and suddenly need to reference something, you will look very professional if you do not know where to find it. Make copies of everything, alphabetize your files, and do not let your children wreak havoc in your office. Put away everything yourself, so you know exactly where to find it later. Never just shove things into drawers, as that will begin to cause clutter and affect you down the road. Make your office your own personal bubble, separate from the house and hopefully quite a bit cleaner.
If you work from home, you need a designated space to get everything done. Otherwise, you work and personal life will bleed together in a most unpleasant way. Maybe you do not need a giant office upstairs, but you need something better than the kitchen table as well. The better you feel in your home office, the more quality work you will produce. This is turn will bring you more money, so get rearranging as soon as you can.